The German Alphabet

The German alphabet contains the same 26 letters as the English alphabet. It also contains four additional letters, including the umlaut vowels (i.e., ä, ö, ü) and the ligature ß (known in German as Eszett, or scharfes S).

The following will explore the sounds of the letters of the German Alphabet:

The sounds of the Letters of the German Alphabet
A, a = [a:] Ah 
B, b = [be:] bay 
C, c = [tse:] tsay
D, d = [de:] day
E, e = [e:] eh
F, f = [ɛf] ef
G, g = [ge:] geh
H, h = [ha:] hah
I, i = [i:] ee
J, j = [jɔt] yot
K, k = [ka:] kah
L, l = [ɛl] el
M, m = [ɛm] em
N, n = [ɛn] en
O, o =[o:] oh
P, p = [pe:] pay
Q, q = [ku:] koo
R, r = [ɛr] err
S, s = [ɛs] ess
T, t = [te:] tay
U, u = [u:] Oo
V, v = [fau] fow
W, w = [ve:] vay
X, x = [ɪks] iks
Y, y = [ˈʏpsilɔn] üpsilon
Z, z = [tsɛt] tsett
Ä ä = [ɛ:]
Ö, ö = [øː]
Ü, ü = [y:]
ß = [ʃarfəs|ˈɛs] [ɛsˈʦɛt]