German Verbs

German Verbs

Verbs are words that can be used to describe a subject’s action, process or state in a sentence. There are a large number of verbs in the German language. The following is a list of the most common verbs used in German:

VerbsMeaning
fragento ask/question
antwortento answer
wiederholento repeat
kommento come
wohnento live/stay
heißento be called
sagento say
dankento thank
helfento help
fahrento drive
spielento play
schwimmento swim
laufento run
springento jump
entspannento relax
spazieren gehento go for a walk
gehento go
singento sing
essento eat
drinkento drink
sitzento sit
stehento stand
schlafento sleep
weckento wake
lernenlo learn
lehrento teach
studierento study
beobachtento observe
singento sing
lesento read
hörento hear
schreibento write
sprechento speak
machento do/to make
putzento clean
benutzento use
mögento like
brauchento need/to require
bringento bring
nehmento take
kennento know (someone)/to be acquainted with
wissento know
kennen lernento get to know
empfehlento recommend

Auxiliary Verbs

German has three auxiliary verbs, including sein (to be), haben (to have), and werden (to become).

sein (to be) – Present Tense

Pronounsein (to be)Meaning
ichbinI am
dubistYou are
eristHe is
sieistShe is
esistIt is
wirsindWe are
ihrseidYou are
SiesindYou are
siesindThey are

haben (to have) – Present Tense

Pronounhaben (to have)Meaning
ichhabeI have
duhastYou have
erhatHe has
siehatShe has
eshatIt has
wirhabenWe have
ihrhabtYou have
SiehabenYou have
siehabenThey have

werden (to become) – Present Tense

Pronounwerden (to become)Meaning
ichwerdeI become
duwirstYou become
erwirdHe becomes
siewirdShe becomes
eswirdIt becomes
wirwerdenWe become
ihrwerdetYou become
SiewerdenYou become
siewerdenThey become

sein (to be) – Past Tense

Pronounsein (to be)Meaning
ichwarI was
duwarstYou were
erwarHe was
siewarShe was
eswarIt was
wirwarenWe were
ihrwartYou were
SiewarenYou were
siewarenThey were

haben (to have) – Past Tense

Pronounhaben (to have)Meaning
ichhatteI had
duhattestYou had
erhatteHe had
siehatteShe had
eshatteIt had
wirhattenWe had
ihrhattetYou had
SiehattenYou had
siehattenThey had

werden (to become) – Past Tense

Pronounwerden (to become)Meaning
ichwurdeI became
duwurdestYou became
erwurdeHe became
siewurdeShe became
eswurdeIt became
wirwurdenWe became
ihrwurdetYou became
SiewurdenYou became
siewurdenThey became

sein (to be) – Present Perfect Tense

Pronounsein (to be)Meaning
ichbin gewesenI have been
dubist gewesenYou have been
erist gewesenHe has been
sieist gewesenShe has been
esist gewesenIt has been
wirsind gewesenWe have been
ihrseid gewesenYou have been
Siesind gewesenYou have been
siesind gewesenThey have been

haben (to have) – Present Perfect Tense

Pronounhaben (to have)Meaning
ichhabe gehabtI have had
duhast gehabtYou have had
erhat gehabtHe has had
siehat gehabtShe has had
eshat gehabtIt has had
wirhaben gehabtWe have had
ihrhabt gehabtYou have had
Siehaben gehabtYou have had
siehaben gehabtThey have had

werden (to become) – Present Perfect Tense

Pronounwerden (to become)Meaning
ichbin gewordenI have become
dubist gewordenYou have become
erist gewordenHe has become
sieist gewordenShe has become
esist gewordenIt has become
wirsind gewordenWe have become
ihrseid gewordenYou have become
Siesind gewordenYou have become
siesind gewordenThey have become