German Prepositions

Preposition (Präposition)

Preposition are known in German as Präposition [prɛpoziˈtsɪoːn]. Prepositions are functional words that can be used to express the way in which nouns, pronouns and other elements are related in a sentence. The prepositions that can take three cases, such as accusative, dative and genitive.

Accusative Prepositions

The preposition takes the accusative case as follows:

PrepositionMeaning
durchthrough, by
ohnewithout
umaround, at, about
gegenagainst
fürfor
bisuntil

Dative Prepositions

The following shows that the preposition takes the dative case:

PrepositionMeaning
beiat, near
ausfrom, out of
mitwith
vonof, from, by
nachafter, to
seitsince, for
zuto, at

Two-way prepositions (Accusative or Dative)

The prepositions that take both the accusative and the dative case (two-way prepositions) are as follows:

PrepositionMeaning
anat, to, on
aufon, onto
hinterbehind
inin, into
nebennear
überover, about
unterunder, below
vorbefore, ago, in front of
zwischenbetween

Genitive Prepositions

The following shows that the preposition takes the genitive case:

PrepositionMeaning
wegenbecause of
währendduring
innerhalbwithin
trotzin spite of
anstattinstead of
innerhalbwithin
außerhalboutside

Prepositions in the Contracted forms

In the contracted forms, the preposition and the definite article can be combined to form a single word.

PrepositionMeaning
an das or ansto the
an dem or amat the
in das or insinto the
in dem or imin the
auf das or aufson the
bei dem or beimat the
für das or fürsfor the
von dem or vomfrom, of the
um das or umsaround the
zu dem or zumto the
zu der or zurto the